Harmonica 10

How To Change piano Notes To Western notes for harmonica?

i badly need this asap.

There's not a super simple answer to that question. It's a complicated process for several reasons.

Notes are notes - a C is a C is a C. But, piano is a chromatic instrument and harmonica is a diatonic. All of the notes on a piano aren't on every harmonica. You need a harmonica in the key you plan to play in. The easiest way to accomplish transposition from western notation to a harmonica is by solfege (do re mi fa sol la ti do) so that the key of the piece and the key of the harmonica doesn't matter as much. [key matching is only imperative if you're playing with others. Any song can be played in any key. But, you can't play a song in Bb major on a harmonica in A minor or G major; you have to change the key you're playing in to suit your instrument.]

The full scale on a harmonica (10-hole diatonic) is between holes 4 and 7. It's simply:
4 blow = Do
4 draw = Re
5 blow = Mi
5 draw = Fa
6 blow = Sol
6 draw = La
7 draw = Ti
7 blow = Do

In the key of C on a C harmonica that's C D E F G A B C but we very often play in crossharp on harmonica and that puts a C harmonica playing in G mixolydian - G A B C D E F G (note the flat 7th at F instead of a leading tone F#)

If what you want to play from piano isn't diatonic (if it has chromatic passing tones in it) then you need a chromatic harmonica. The scale pattern is exactly the same as the 10-hole diatonic's holes 4-7 but you have a lever on a chromatic harp that raises the pitch 1/2 step to allow for the chromatic passing tones. The other alternative requires incredibly good bending and overblowing skills that most players just don't have.

So, if your piano music has the notes, for example, C E G C then on a C harmonica you'd simply blow 4, blow 5, blow 6, blow 4 (do mi sol do) to put it on harp. If your piano has an F# in there but you're playing a C harp, you're out of luck; there's no F# on a C harmonica.

Note: the bottom of a 10-hole diatonic has notes too but we use that for chording or for playing the V under I occasionally in melodies. If you want a true multioctave harmonica with a full scale capability then you need a solo tuned diatonic (not nearly as common as the 10-hole Richter) or a chromatic harmonica.

Happy harping... ♪♫

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